4116 Steel vs 8CR13MOV Steel – What’s the Difference

4116 Steel vs 8CR13MOV Steel

Choosing the right tool for your needs can be daunting, especially when selecting the right steel for your blade. Knife enthusiasts and professionals often compare 4116 steel and 8CR13MOV steel, so we took a closer look at both materials. In this blog post, we will explore the crucial differences between these two steels and help you decide on whichever steel you choose.

Difference Between 4116 Steel and 8CR13MOV Steel

Chemical Composition:

4116 steel is a high-carbon stainless steel with a composition that includes chromium, molybdenum, and vanadium. On the other hand, 8CR13MOV steel is a Chinese-made stainless steel with a chemical composition that includes carbon, chromium, and molybdenum. Both steels have similar chemical compositions, but 4116 steel has a slightly higher percentage of carbon (0.45%-0.5%) than 8CR13MOV (0.8%-0.1%).

Hardness and Durability:

4116 steel is a hard steel that ranks around 55 HRC on the Rockwell hardness scale. It is known for its good edge retention and excellent corrosion resistance. 8CR13MOV steel, on the other hand, ranks around 58 HRC on the Rockwell hardness scale, making it a harder option than 4116 steel. However, it is more prone to corrosion than 4116 steel, making it less durable.

Blade Performance:

Regarding blade performance, both 4116 steel and 8CR13MOV steel have unique features. 4116 steel is an excellent choice for everyday use, with its balanced sharpness, edge retention, and corrosion resistance properties. 8CR13MOV steel, on the other hand, is known for its excellent sharpness, making it a popular choice among knife enthusiasts who value cutting performance over corrosion resistance.

Price and Availability:

4116 steel is produced in Germany and Japan and is generally more expensive than 8CR13MOV, made in China. While 4116 steel is commonly used in high-end knives, 8CR13MOV is a popular choice for budget-friendly knives.


Finally, when it comes to applications, both steels have their uses. 4116 steel is often used in high-end kitchen, hunting, and survival knives, whereas 8CR13MOV is commonly used in pocket and budget-friendly utility knives.


Choosing between 4116 steel and 8CR13MOV steel ultimately boils down to your needs and budget. If you are looking for high-end steel that combines sharpness, edge retention, and corrosion resistance, 4116 steel is a great option. However, if you value sharpness and affordability over corrosion resistance, 8CR13MOV steel may be your better choice. Before making your choice, consider the steel’s chemical composition, hardness, durability, blade performance, price, and application.



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