416 Stainless Steel vs 440C – What’s the Difference

416 Stainless Steel vs 440C

Stainless steel is a popular material used in various industries for its corrosion resistance, strength, and durability. When choosing the right type of stainless steel for a project, two options often come up: 416 and 440C. Both types of stainless steel are well-regarded for their properties, but they have some key differences that can make one a better choice, depending on the specific application. In this blog, we’ll explore the differences between 416 and 440C stainless steel to help you make an informed choice for your next project.

Difference Between 416 Stainless Steel and 440C


The main difference between these two types of stainless steel lies in their composition. 416 stainless steel is a martensitic grade of stainless steel and contains around 13 per cent chromium. It also has a sulphur content of around 0.15 per cent. On the other hand, 440C stainless steel is a high-carbon martensitic stainless steel, which contains around 17 per cent chromium and 1.1 per cent carbon. So, while both 416 and 440C are martensitic, 440C is high-carbon.


416 and 440C stainless steel have good hardness levels, but 440C is much harder than 416. The high carbon content at 440C contributes to its hardness and can reach a maximum of 60 HRC after heat treatment. 416, however, has a maximum hardness of 45 HRC, making it less hard than 440C.


One of the main advantages of 416 stainless steel is its machinability. It is easier to machine than 440C due to its lower sulphur content, which makes it less brittle and easier to work with. 440C, on the other hand, is much harder, which makes it more challenging to machine. However, 440C can still be machined effectively with the right tools and techniques.

Corrosion Resistance:

416 and 440C stainless steel are corrosion-resistant, but 440C is superior to 416. 440C has a higher chromium content, which enhances its corrosion-resistant properties, making it well-suited to applications where rust or corrosion is a concern. 416 is also corrosion-resistant but does not have the same resistance level as 440C.


The choice between 416 and 440C stainless steel will depend on the specific application. 416 is often used for components that require good machinability, such as gears, nuts, bolts, and screws. It is also suitable for use in parts that require corrosion resistance. 440C is often used for high-end applications that require superior hardness and wear resistance, such as bearings, knives, and surgical instruments.


In conclusion, 416 and 440C stainless steel are excellent choices for various applications. While there are some similarities between these two types of stainless steel, their differences are significant. Depending on the specific requirements of your project, one type may be a better choice than the other. Ultimately, the choice between 416 and 440C will come down to factors like hardness, machinability, corrosion resistance, and application. By understanding the differences between these two types of stainless steel, you’ll be better equipped to make the right choice for your next project.

Minal Jogale

Minal Jogale

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