Consider a tool to shape your thoughts without limiting your creativity. Architects, designers, and engineers have a physical element in the form of metal to recreate their designs in global construction.
Aluminum is a lightweight but strong metal that is resistant to corrosion. It is durable and non-toxic and can be shaped into any desired design and shape. As a result, it can build structures that would be impossible to build with wood, steel, or plastic.
Aluminum was unused and underutilized in construction in the early stages of evolution because it was too expensive and lacked mass productivity. However, after introducing electrolysis and processing, aluminium pricing was reduced by 80%, increasing its use in the construction industry.
Metal became extremely popular for wall panels, roofing solutions such as finished roofs and domed structures, drains, fenestration casings, and decorative purposes.
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Uses of Aluminum in Building and Construction
Aluminium can be extruded, rolled, or cast into commonly used construction products. These can be customized for a design using die-extrusion processes or machines treated on existing profiles.
The following are some of the most common aluminium products and applications:
Casing Profiles for Fenestration (Windows and Openings).
Aluminium is widely used in building fenestration casings such as door and window frame profiles. These are simple to extrude and execute on-site and readily available as needed.
One of the primary reasons for using aluminium sections for such profiles is their light weight while remaining strong. These have a rigid composition but are flexible enough for design executions. They are available in various finishes, including anodized colours and raw mill finishes with varying hardness depending on the alloy used in the extrusion process.
Cladding for Facades (Aluminium Composite Panels- A.C.P.)
Exterior facades are vulnerable to weather hazards, and building designs increasingly focus on aesthetics. For economic, functional, and aesthetic reasons, aluminium cladding is the most commonly used type for building exteriors.
Aluminium composite panels (A.C.P.) are widely used due to their variable colour options and ease of installation with minimal maintenance.
Curtain Walls and Structural Glazing
In the corporate world, glazed facades have become the dominant building design. Through glazing solutions, these glazings provide a sleek look to the design while having an extremely low heat-gain coefficient.
Curtain wall systems are typically constructed with aluminium framing members infilled with glass for aesthetically pleasing finishes and improved daylighting.
Partitions Made of Lightweight Materials
When open planning is used, building plans can be changed in the blink of an eye, making quick-change options viable. Aluminum Section profiles can be used to create partitions that are both functional and easy to change.
They are more cost-effective and aesthetically pleasing options for designing partitions. They can be customized on-site and are readily available in a variety of section profiles for various infill options, such as glazing, net, or solid acrylic panels.
Shop Fittings and Architectural Hardware
It is a more cost-effective solution than wood and steel due to its similar strength and lower strength-to-weight ratio. Architectural fittings such as handles, knobs, clamps, and holding fixtures are lightweight and easy to produce in aluminium. As a result, they can be produced in larger quantities at comparable weights.
Other Aluminum Applications in the Construction Industry
Roof System with a Long Span
Aluminium is useful and effective in large-span structures. When made of aluminium, these large-span structures are light in weight.
Generally, halls and auditoriums with large spans can benefit from aluminium bracing and frames for structural form. Complex structures with large spans can be divided into simpler units made of aluminium sections for construction purposes.
Transmission Towers for Electricity
Transmission of electricity Structures built in inaccessible areas where transportation is difficult, simpler aluminium units are transported and assembled by air. Aluminium is used in such construction processes to reduce weight.
Corrosive Environment Structures
Swimming pool sheds/shacks, offshore structures, bridges, and hydraulic structures are prone to corrosion because they are built in corrosive or humid environments. Because it is non-corrosive, aluminium is ideal for such conditions and requirements.
Structures of Kinetic Sections
Structures that require motion and kinetic movement should be lightweight to facilitate operation. Kinetic bridges that fold at regular intervals and have folding or moving sections are preferable because they are made of lighter metals that do not require as much maintenance.
Scaffoldings, Ladders, and Mezzanine Frames
Aluminium ladders and scaffoldings are stable and secure options when manufactured in sufficient diameters. It is simple to assemble and disassemble. All other available options are heavier than these.
Aluminum is better than wood or steel because it requires less maintenance.