Monel 400 vs Hastelloy C276 – What’s the Difference

Monel 400 vs Hastelloy C276

If you are in the market for corrosion-resistant alloys, you might have come across Monel 400 and Hastelloy C276. These two alloys are popular in many industries, from marine engineering to chemical processing. But what makes them different from each other? In this blog post, we will compare the Monel 400 and Hastelloy C276 in terms of their properties, applications, and prices. By the end of this article, you will better understand which alloy is best for your needs.

Difference Between Monel 400 and Hastelloy C276

Composition and Properties

Monel 400 is a nickel-copper alloy that contains around 67% nickel and 23% copper. It also has small amounts of iron, manganese, carbon, and silicon. Monel 400 is known for its excellent resistance to seawater, acids, alkalies, and steam. It has low permeability to gases and is non-magnetic. The melting point of Monel 400 is about 1350°C (2460°F).

Hastelloy C276, on the other hand, is a nickel-molybdenum-chromium alloy that contains around 57% nickel, 16% molybdenum, and 16% chromium. It also has smaller amounts of tungsten, cobalt, iron, and carbon. Hastelloy C276 is known for its outstanding resistance to corrosive environments, including strong acids, chloride solutions, and oxidizing media. It also has good mechanical properties at high temperatures and is non-magnetic. The melting point of Hastelloy C276 is about 1370°C (2500°F).


Monel 400 is often used in marine, chemical, and petrochemical industries, where it can withstand saltwater exposure, acidic or alkaline solutions, and high-velocity water flow. It is also used in valves, pumps, heat exchangers, and boiler feedwater heaters. Monel 400 is sometimes preferred over stainless steel or copper alloys due to its resistance to stress corrosion cracking, pitting, and erosion.

Hastelloy C276, meanwhile, is suitable for more demanding applications, such as sulfuric acid manufacturing, chlorination systems, and nuclear waste processing. It is also used in heat exchangers, reactors, and scrubbers where exposure to highly corrosive media is common. Hastelloy C276 offers superior resistance to crevice corrosion, intergranular attack, and localized corrosion compared to Monel 400.


The cost of Monel 400 and Hastelloy C276 varies depending on the forms and sizes required. Generally, Hastelloy C276 is more expensive than Monel 400 due to its higher amounts of valuable elements like molybdenum and chromium. However, the price difference may be insignificant for small-scale projects or where the alloys’ properties justify the cost.


While both Monel 400 and Hastelloy C276 are excellent corrosion-resistant alloys, they are not immune to corrosion under certain conditions. Monel 400, for instance, may suffer from stress corrosion cracking in high-temperature chloride solutions or seawater. Hastelloy C276 can experience corrosion in nitric acid solutions or hot alkaline environments. Choosing the right alloy for the specific application and environment is essential to avoid premature failure or damage.


Monel 400 and Hastelloy C276 are two high-performance alloys with excellent corrosion resistance and mechanical properties. Monel 400 suits mild-to-moderate corrosive environments, while Hastelloy C276 is ideal for highly corrosive environments. Knowing the differences in composition, properties, and applications of these alloys can help you choose the best one for your project. Remember to consider factors like price, availability, and limitations when deciding. If you need further assistance, consult a corrosion expert or alloy supplier.



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