Stainless Steel 410 vs 304 – What’s the Difference

Stainless Steel 410 vs 304

Stainless steel is resistant to corrosion, staining, and oxidation. It’s popular for many products, such as kitchen appliances, cutlery, and hardware. There are various types of stainless steel, but this blog post will compare the two most commonly used products: stainless steel 410 and 304. Both are versatile and useful in different ways, but what is the difference between them? In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between stainless steel 410 and 304, the properties of each type, and their uses.

Difference Between Stainless Steel 410 and 304

Chemical Composition

Stainless steel 410 contains 11-13% chromium and 0.15% carbon, making it a martensitic stainless steel. On the other hand, stainless steel 304 is an austenitic stainless steel, containing between 18-20% chromium and 8-10.5% nickel and a lower amount of carbon, around 0.08%. The lower carbon content in stainless steel 304 makes it more corrosion-resistant and easier to weld.

Mechanical Properties

Stainless steel 410 is a harder and more durable, making it less ductile and prone to cracking when welded. Stainless steel 304 is softer, so it’s more malleable and easy to work with. Its ductility makes it less prone to cracking, and an excellent choice for welding.

Corrosion Resistance

Stainless steel 304 is more corrosion-resistant than stainless steel 410, thanks to its higher nickel content. It’s recommended for use in highly corrosive environments such as chemical processing plants, while stainless steel 410 is used in less corrosive applications such as automotive exhaust systems.

Temperature Resistance

Due to its higher carbon content, stainless steel 410 is a better heat-resistant product than stainless steel 304. It can withstand temperatures up to 900°C, while 304 can only handle temperatures up to 800°C. This makes 410 ideal for high-temperature applications such as gas turbines, engines, and stoves.


Stainless steel 304 is commonly used in kitchen appliances, food processing equipment, and architectural applications. It’s also used in medical equipment and pharmaceutical industries due to its sanitary properties. Stainless steel 410 is used in automotive parts, exhaust systems, and industrial equipment.


In conclusion, stainless steel 410 and 304 are excellent materials used in various industries. The choice of which one to use depends on your specific needs. If you require a more corrosion-resistant product, go for stainless steel 304. If you need a more durable, heat-resistant product, then the stainless steel 410 is the one to choose. Understanding the chemical composition, mechanical properties, and recommended uses of these two versatile materials is crucial in making the right decision. This blog post has helped understand the differences between stainless steel 410 and 304.

Harsh Jain

Harsh Jain

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